Compiler Optimizations are Awesome

This piece, which I hadn’t gotten around to writing until now since I thought it was all pretty obvious, explains why Daniel J. Bernstein’s talk, The death of optimizing compilers (audio) is wrong, and in fact compiler optimizations are extremely wonderful and aren’t going anywhere. First, the thesis of the talk is that almost all […]

Translation Validation of Bounded Exhaustive Test Cases

This piece is jointly authored by Nuno Lopes and John Regehr. Compilers should be correct, but it is not straightforward to formally verify a production-quality compiler implementation. It is just too difficult to recover the high-level algorithms by looking at an enormous mess of arithmetic, loops, and memory side effects. One solution is to write […]

Taming Undefined Behavior in LLVM

Earlier I wrote that Undefined Behavior != Unsafe Programming, a piece intended to convince you that there’s nothing inherently wrong with undefined behavior as long as it isn’t in developer-facing parts of the system. Today I want to talk about a new paper about undefined behavior in LLVM that’s going to be presented in June […]

Do Expressive Programming Languages Always Have Undefined Behavior?

In the Hacker News comments on one of my previous posts about undefined behavior, someone said this: AFAIK Gödel’s incompleteness theorems imply that _any_ language will have at least some undefined behaviour. Let’s take a quick look at this statement, keeping in mind that incompleteness and undecidability can be remarkably tricky topics. Some years ago […]

Undefined Behavior != Unsafe Programming

Undefined behavior (UB) in C and C++ is a clear and present danger to developers, especially when they are writing code that will execute near a trust boundary. A less well-known kind of undefined behavior exists in the intermediate representation (IR) for most optimizing, ahead-of-time compilers. For example, LLVM IR has undef and poison in […]

Detecting Strict Aliasing Violations in the Wild

Type-based alias analysis, where pointers to different types are assumed to point to distinct objects, gives compilers a simple and effective way to disambiguate memory references in order to generate better code. Unfortunately, C and C++ make it easy for programmers to violate the assumptions upon which type-based alias analysis is built. “Strict aliasing” refers […]

A Quick Look at the SoftIron OverDrive 1000

ARM processors are ubiquitous in mobile, but you won’t find a lot of developers using ARM-based boxes for their day-to-day work. Recently I needed some ARM machines for compiler work and got a few Raspberry Pi 3 boards, which seemed reasonable since these have four cores at 1.2 GHz. However, while these boards are far […]